Osteoarthritis

Introduction

Osteoarthritis is a condition that affects the joints. It is the most common type of arthritis in the UK, and around 1 million people see their GP about it every year.

Symptoms of osteoarthritis

The symptoms of osteoarthritis vary greatly from person to person, and between different affected joints.

For example, a joint may be severely damaged without causing symptoms, or symptoms may be severe without affecting the movement of a joint.

Three key characteristics of osteoarthritis are:

  • swelling of the tissues in and around the joints
  • damage to cartilage, the strong, smooth surface that lines the bones and allows joints to move easily and without friction
  • bony growths that develop around the edge of the joints

This can lead to pain, stiffness and difficulty doing certain activities.

Osteoarthritis mostly occurs in the knees, hips, back, neck, small joints of the hands and feet and base of the big toe. However, almost any joint can be affected.

Read more information about the symptoms of osteoarthritis.

Who develops osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is more common in people over 45 years of age. It is commonly thought that osteoarthritis is an inevitable part of getting older, but this is not  true. Osteoarthritis is not caused by ageing and if you have osteoarthritis it may not necessarily get worse as you get older

Read more information about the causes of osteoarthritis and how osteoarthritis is diagnosed.

Managing osteoarthritis

There is no cure for osteoarthritis, but symptoms can be eased with several different treatments. Symptoms can often be managed with exercise, weight loss, ice/heat, or by wearing suitable footwear. However, if these are not helping you , other treatments may be necessary.

Treatment options may include:

Read more information about how osteoarthritis is treated.

Living with osteoarthritis

As osteoarthritis is a long-term condition, it is important you get the right support to help you cope with any issues such as reduced mobilityand advice on any necessary financial support.

As well as support from your healthcare team, it is important to look after your own health and wellbeing. This includes taking your medicine regularly and living a healthy lifestyle where possible.

Some people may also find it helpful to talk to their healthcare professional or others who are living with the same condition as there may be questions or worries  you want to share.

Read more information about self-help for osteoarthritis.

Last updated: 28 May 2014

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